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What Exactly Is a Hybrid Car?

Updated: Aug 25, 2021

Hybrid Electric Vehicles are powered by an Internal Combustion Engine and an Electric Motor, which uses energy stored in Batteries. A Hybrid Electric Vehicle cannot be plugged in to charge the Battery, however there are Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles (PHEVs) that use Batteries to power an Electric Motor, as well as another Fuel Sources. In a standard Hybrid car, the Battery is charged through Regenerative Braking and by the Internal Combustion Engine. The extra power provided by the Electric Motor can potentially allow for a smaller Engine. The Battery can also power auxiliary loads and reduce Engine Idling when stopped. Together, these features result in better Fuel Economy without sacrificing performance.

Key Components Of A Hybrid Electric Car:

Battery (Auxiliary): In an Electric Drive Vehicle, the Auxiliary Battery provides electricity to start the Car before the traction Battery is engaged and also powers Vehicle Accessories.

DC/DC Converter: This device converts higher-voltage DC power from the traction Battery pack to the lower-voltage DC power needed to run Vehicle Accessories and recharge the Auxiliary Battery.

Electric Generator: Generates electricity from the rotating Wheels while Braking, transferring that energy back to the traction Battery pack. Some Vehicles use motor generators that perform both the drive and regeneration functions.

Electric Traction Motor: Using power from the traction Battery pack, this motor drives the vehicle's wheels. Some vehicles use motor generators that perform both the drive and regeneration functions.

Exhaust System: The Exhaust System channels the Exhaust gases from the Engine out through the Tailpipe. A three-way catalyst is designed to Reduce Engine-out Emissions within the Exhaust system.

Fuel Filler: A nozzle from a Fuel dispenser attaches to the receptacle on the Vehicle to fill the tank.

Internal Combustion Engine (Spark-Ignited): In this configuration, Fuel is injected into either the Intake Manifold or the Combustion Chamber, where it is combined with air, and the air/fuel mixture is ignited by the spark from a Spark Plug.

Power Electronics Controller: This unit manages the flow of Electrical Energy delivered by the Traction Battery, controlling the speed of the Electric Traction Motor and the Torque it produces.

Thermal System (Cooling): This system maintains a proper operating temperature range of the Engine, Electric Motor, Power Electronics, and other components.

Traction Battery Pack: Stores Electricity for use by the Electric Traction Motor.

Transmission: The Transmission transfers Mechanical Power from the Engine and/or Electric Traction Motor to drive the Wheels.

Hybrid Vehicles:

A wide variety of Hybrid Electric Vehicle models are currently available. Although Hybrid Electric Vehicles are often more expensive than similar conventional vehicles, some costs may be recovered through Fuel Savings or State Incentives. Some popular Hybrid models include: Subaru Cross Trek Hybrid, Toyota Prius, Toyota Yaris, Toyota Camry Hybrid, Ford Escape Hybrid, Ford Fusion Hybrid, Toyota Highlander Hybrid, Honda Insight, Honda Civic Hybrid, Lexus RX 400h and 450h, and the Hyundai Loniq, among others.

Service Your Hybrid With Reincarnation Inc. The Subaru Guys:

Reincarnation Inc. The Subaru Guys have twenty plus years of experience Diagnosing, Maintaining and Repairing Hybrid Drive Vehicles from Manufactures such as Toyota, Honda and Subaru . Thinking about Buying a New or Used Hybrid in Albuquerque, New Mexico?

Our Highly Skilled Staff can help guide you in your Hybrid Buying endeavors.

Call us today for a Pre-Purchase Inspection or Book A Reservation Online for all of your Hybrid Vehicle Repair and Service needs.


The Subaru Guys

Reincarnation Inc.

The Subaru Guys

1300 2nd St NW

Albuquerque, NM 87102


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